Portland art blog + news + exhibition reviews + galleries + contemporary northwest art

recent entries

Giving Thanks Readings
Meet RACC's new leader Madison Cario
November Reviews
Early November Links
Spooky reviews
Countdown to Portlandageddon?
Mid October Links including PNCA/OCAC merger talks
Paul Allen, philanthropist and arts champion dead at 65
Midwest Art Initiative Tour
Haunting October Picks
End of September News
September review cluster

recent comments

Namita Wiggers



Book Review
Calls for Artists
Design Review
Openings & Events
About PORT

regular contributors


Tori Abernathy
Amy Bernstein
Katherine Bovee
Emily Cappa
Patrick Collier
Arcy Douglass
Megan Driscoll
Jesse Hayward
Sarah Henderson
Jeff Jahn
Kelly Kutchko
Drew Lenihan
Victor Maldonado
Christopher Moon
Jascha Owens
Alex Rauch
Gary Wiseman



Guest Contributors
Past Contributors
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005

contact us


Contact us






powered by


Movable Type 3.16

This site is licensed under a


Creative Commons License

Thursday 03.17.11

« artist opportunities | Main | sad, interdependent barbarics »

Re/activate, Basalt and Soft Edge as Art-chitecture

Re/activate during March 1st Thursday's opening

I can't recall a time a young emerging artist has hit Portland as hard and often as Damien Gilley has... and in March 2011 he just doubled down with 2 major shows at W+K and Linfield Gallery. He's one of several artists with provisional architecture shows up this month that I wish to discuss. In fact, an extensive list of frequently design oriented art-chitects like Josh Smith, Jordan Tull, Jenene Nagy, Salvatore Reda, Laura Hughes, James Harrison, Arcy Douglass, Jesse Hayward, Midori Hirose, Karl Burkheimer, Oregon Painting Society, The Appendix group (Ben Young, Maggie Casey, Zach Davis and Josh Pavalacky), Evertt Beidler, David Corbett, Avantika Bawa, Laura Fritz, Nathaniel Shapiro and yes I suppose myself (plus many more) are all involved in the examination of the built and buildable environment.

So with shows of provisional or potential environments by Damien Gilley, Jordan Tull, Josh Smith and Eric Franklin, March 2011 is a kind of design-a-megeddon of provisional architecture which bears a little more looking at.

First, let's define provisional architecture as test form, illusionary or unfinished environment/structures and or materials in space presented in a way that doesn’t distinguish itself as a finished object that can exist without the space that contains it. Provisional architecture doesn’t just modify space it re-schematizes it, turning finished space into an expanded unfinished (or unfinishable) potential space. It opens space and possibilities rather than dwell in it. This type of provisional architecture is always impossible to fully apprehend by the viewers, because it is inherently schematic and unfinished. Kurt Schwitters Merzbau is the protean precedent for this genre which Portland's scene has started to develop into a new Portland-style facet of installation art.

Re/activate at W+K HQ

The most successful project in this month of successful “Portland art-chitecture” is Re/activate a collaboration between Damien Gilley and Jordan Tull incorporating sound and dance at Weiden + Kennedy's gallery space. Perhaps more successful than most of the numerous and recent solo projects by Tull or Gilley, the language of cantilevered angles is constantly reiterated in Tull's wooden slanted frames and Gilley's slanted forced perspective lines and murals. The effect tends to open each other's efforts by creating greater spatial idiosyncrasies and view corridors both real and illusory. For example, the way Tull's translucent orange plastic tints the views of Gilley's gallery expanding linescapes and the dancer Rachel Tess (who is making Martha Graham-esque angular movemesnts) reframe eachother. It is a major development for both artists.

Tess in Re/activate

The quality of Tess' dancing/choreography is sufficient but would benefit from more intense extensions and compressions like the ones Graham was known for. The sound-scape is useful for crowd noise control during performances but is otherwise not much of a player here. The real star is the way these two artists can use somewhat similar linear devices with divergent materials and a near 15 degree angle to set up so many interesting vantage points in this very architecturally significant space renovated by Brad Cloepfil.

I enjoy the way this set treatment co-opts the viewers, dancers and individual design elements into a Zahha-Hadidian graphic tableau that also references photographic lens distortions that also resemble the angles everything is leaning in. Is it a stage, a lobby a 3d mural? Yes. Do the viewers start to see the world at a 15 degree angle slant... yes. This works because the leaning creates a kinesthetic distortion that produces an odd existential self awareness in space. In these destabilized times Reactivate just feels true to the moment.

Masterplexed at Linfield College

Perhaps the reason Re/activate is stronger than Gilley's solo show Masterplexed at Linfield is the way its layers complicate and reward viewers to explore the piece and architecture simultaneously as we try to undo the knots that Tull and Gilley have tied between room and art. Conversely, Masterplexed feels like a more simple game maze brought to life but it lacks idiosyncratic element that we see in Gilley's best pieces like his Absorpbtion Field show or his Little Big Burger hallway from last year. Little Big Burger's hallway works especially well because the floor and ceiling are incorporated to create a more immersive experience, whereas Masterplexed was contained within a room that remained more or less recognizable as a gallery. There is a fantasy at play in Gilley's work and the more convincing the better. Gilley's best work constitutes an element of wish fulfillment... a wish for more interesting spatial options and adventures.

Gilley's installation at Big Little Burger

In other words if there is something missing it is that Masterplexed wasn't immersive enough and lacks its own design language. Also, the gallery itself being a big white box doesn't add much context to play off. Instead, Masterplexed is a generic language of slightly shifted perspective boxes like the rasterized graphics in Star Wars that blew everyone's mind in 1977 (before Gilley was born). It also reminds me of the photos of Katsura Villa recently shown at Portland's Japanese garden... the problem being Gilley isn't creating masterpieces of design at Linfield's gallery. It's fine but it's more of a reserved stepping stone to something more impressive (Perhaps his show in 2112 at PCC's Northview gallery provides a more inspiring “Brutalist” architectural space with a huge window box to play in). With Masterplexed Gilley just doesn’t quite do enough to the space, whereas sometimes Gilley does too much such as his Zero Sum project last year.

Yet there is a breakthrough in March for Tull and Gilly with Re/activate. They seem to have pushed each other with the collaboration (most architects collaborate), and this installation lives up to its name. Reactivate is the best thing either artist has done in the last year.

Though less generic than Masterplexed, Reactivate still has a somewhat simple design language at work here... resembling the angle language that Zaha Hadid uses. That is a problem Gilley and Tull and other artists like Nagy run into frequently... how to make art-chitecture different and or stand up to the work by architects? In particular Gilly, Tull and Nagy all have produced works that resemble Zaha Hadid's schematics. I should note that with Nagy's work at Washington State University called Out/look she seems to have found an object based answer exploring a huge drooping sheet of material, which is more a material exploration mediating architecture rather than the alternative architecture that Gilley, Tull and Nagy (at other times) uses.

All of which isn’t to say Gilley's Masterplexed at Linfield doesn't work, it does. It just isn’t the breakthrough statement that a lot of people are waiting for, instead it is a refinement. Perhaps it is because Masterplexed lacks idiosyncratic architectural details to play off that we see everywhere in Reanimate? Masterplexed evokes a Tron, 1st person shooter video games like Doom and Kubrickian linear perspective devices. It comes off as austere and reserved by comparison to Gilley's best solo project to date, a mural at Big Little Burger which transforms a claustrophobic hallway to the loo into an exciting graphic exploration of potential space which it invites the mind to explore. Perhaps the issue is that Gilley needs idiosyncratic constraints to rail against like his highly successful Absorption Field show at Gallery Homeland?

Im very anxious to see Gilley and Tull's next solo outings.

Josh Smith's Soft Edge

Another artist I follow closely is Josh Smith and his Soft Edge show at the Manuel Izquierdo Gallery (a key space for launching art-chitects in order of show appearance over the years; Laura Fritz (2000), Jenene Nagy (2005), Nathaniel Shapiro (2006 and 2007), myself (2008), Smith (2009), Oregon Painting Society (2010), Gilley (2010) and now Smith again in 2011). Smith is one of the brightest of the bunch and Im glad PNCA has upgraded some of the gallery's floor plan and lighting.

The first piece Soft Edge is a sculpture on a pedestal that appears to be maquette for a structure. It sports a long wooden entryway into an eccentric geodesic dome like rock. Wood is Smith's specialty as a craftsmen but his much newer use of rock short circuits some of the self-consciousness of his craft background. Reminiscent of Buckminster Fuller and Michael Heizer (both incredibly influential to architects like Rem Koolhaas and Tadao Ando) this rock igloo structure implies a certain ageless attraction to very durable survivalist structures in an uncertain age..... For Fuller and Heizer it was the omnipresent cold war threat of nuclear annihilation... for Smith his maquette implies a hardened target for everything from post 9-11 terrorism to a general sense of intense climate change. There is a self sufficient rugged individualism at work here.

Soft Edge (parallax)

The other successful work Soft Edge (parallax) features a floor based installation with a raised platform two coordinating lines on the floor and nearby wall and a wooden structure holding up another Rock... L shaped this time. The whole configuration resembles the kind of brutalist and sculptural architecture you see in sci fi such as Logan's Run, Battlestar Gallactica (Edward Olmos and Lorne Green's versions). The lines on the floor and wall might suggest being on the grid (electricity, communications, etc), whereas the cantilevered support of the “L” shaped rock reminds me of Rem Koolhass' CCTV tower and Michael Heizer's sculptures. It is both authoritarian and somewhat precarious... is this a metaphor for autocratic regimes trying to stay in power?

The third installation is a rasterized construct of a mountain titled Holy Mountain. I like how it addresses the white wall but somehow the wooden construction lack the primeval punch of the rock pieces, it feels like his older work. Now I'm convinced Smith is ready to put on a large scale single installation now that he's discovered how to poetically convey the power and fragility that land and architecture exemplify.

Eric Franklin's Basalt

Last but not least is Eric Franklin's Basalt at PSU's Autzen Gallery (itself a room with a view to a great deal of brutalist architecture with very interesting skywalks). In this impressive outing Franklin's glass, Lucite or acrylic(?) structures merely sketch out the volumes of large basalt crystals such as the ones famously depicted on the cover of Led Zeppelin’s The Houses of the Holy. In many way's it is a 3d version of what Gilley does, except in a highly autonomous way that is sculpture and much less related to painting.


Each crystalline structure catches light at interesting angles and at the terminus of each leg the material fluoresces with extra intensity, which is further enhanced by having the gallery floor painted black. It was a great decision and really makes the piece “pop” in the space.

So what does it mean? Well, for a variety of adaptive reasons humans pay special attention to highly organized phenomena and structures. These are often rationally describable in mathematical terms and the shape of such structures literally determines their properties as described by physics. Often such crystals represent a kind of ideal... Superman's fortress of solitude or famous architecture such as IM Pei's pyramid at the Louvre, Philip Johnson's Crystal Palace or the soon to be finished Shard by Renzo Piano in London. The frequently hexagonal sides also bring to mind the honeycomb of bee's, perhaps humanity's favorite geometric metaphor for organized activity.

Is this a hive? Nothing besides the form suggests that interpretation so I sense that Franklin is simply evoking the beauty of organization itself, but because there is a lot of variety in these crystals he seems to celebrate a slightly divergent diversity. In these troubled times these forms are comforting as well as suggestive of potentially dangerous technology.

So why are so many artists in Portland so obsessed with exploring form and provisional architectural structures? I believe it is because Portland is the one major US city that is not in the grips of massive corporate interests. Instead, it is a city of small business shopkeepers and a general civic sense that everyone is enfranchised. If it sounds utopian, it isn't but it gives Portland artist's an obvious window on a somewhat different world, one worth anticipating or planning for, all while researching the recent goals and missteps of modernism and so called corporate architecture in order to present something different.


Reanimate runs through March 31st, performances March 17, 30 & 31st at 7:30pm @ W+K

Soft Edge runs through March 31st at PNCA

Basalt runs through March 31st at PSU's Autzen Gallery

Masterplexed at Linfield college has ended

Posted by Jeff Jahn on March 17, 2011 at 8:05 | Comments (1)


Basalt by Eric Franklin is made entirely of glass and was fabricated on site. The piece started as individual rods, and is now one connected structure.

Posted by: Namita Wiggers [TypeKey Profile Page] at March 18, 2011 02:17 PM

Post a comment

Thanks for signing in, . Now you can comment. (sign out)

(If you haven't left a comment here before, you may need to be approved by the site owner before your comment will appear. Until then, it won't appear on the entry. Thanks for waiting.)

Remember me?

s p o n s o r s
Site Design: Jennifer Armbrust   •   Site Development: Philippe Blanc & Katherine Bovee